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Design through and with material knowledge

An interview with the Dean of the KIT Faculty of Architecture Dirk E. Hebel and seminar leader Sandra Böhm of the Professorship of Sustainable Construction about their design strategies and the compatibility with materials science in architectural education.

The KIT Faculty of Architecture has a long tradition in understanding architectural design in close interaction with and in dependency on structural design, building construction, building physics, social studies and material science. The students deal critically and actively with the pressing questions of our times and are looking for ways to align their own actions with these findings.

The focus at the KIT Faculty of Architecture is on integrated design, so that conceptional, ecological, economical, structural, physical, sociological, historic, artistic, communicational, urban, landscape and theoretical questions are understood and treated as a holistic interdisciplinary project in the design itself. Thus, design studios serve as a field of experimentation and students are given the opportunity to show and test their ideas and conceptions in innovations and experimental studies.

This also includes the rediscovery of traditional materials and their possibilities in terms of the synergy of tradition and innovation. In the research seminar “Bau auf!” held together with the Karlsruhe Majolika, the students dealt with the material ceramic and the possibilities of 3D printing.

The innovation platform “Changelab! Wacker KIT Innovation Platform for Pioneering Sustainable Construction” builds a bridge to cooperation with the industry and is intended to bring together students, architects, engineers, and construction experts who are looking for new approaches in the field of material development and construction methods for a circular economy.

Published in “DER ENTWURF – Magazin der DBZ für junge Architekt*innen und Ingenieur*innen”, edition November 2020, p. 14-17

 
 

Seminars

Winter Semester 2020
Building the future!
A demonstrator for sustainable construction in cooperation with Wacker Chemie AG

Demonstrators in the building sector serve to place new vectors into the future and to generate potential fields. It is vital that innovations are encouraged that will help to reduce the environmental impact of building components as well as increase their durability, recyclability and sustainability.  In the vision of a future-orientated construction industry we have to find new solutions in developing and applying novel and sustainable construction materials and techniques. 

By developing a demonstrator for the future building industry, the students get the chance to develop scenarios for construction applications for a circular construction economy. Scenarios that adapt to new conditions and do not consume raw materials, but only use it and return it to its original state after the life cycle of the construction. After a research on existing demonstrators the students will collect materials and construction methods which fulfil specific criteria for a sustainable and circular economy. In a further phase of the seminar, the students will design the demonstrator and bring their research into practice.

Wacker Chemie, as the collaborator of this seminar will give the students the opportunity to realize their best design concepts.

Winter Semester 2020
Circular Contruction Methods

In a joint seminar, construction methods are to be investigated and documented that can guarantee the future deconstruction of buildings by type and thus form the basis of cycle-based construction. At the beginning the basics and principles of joining and designing a future recycling economy will be taught. Based on this topic, historical and current construction methods will be examined, which can be deconstructed, reused or recycled after their use in the building.

The Seminar is a cooperation between Professership for Building Construction and Design, Prof. Luwig Wappner and the Professorship for Sustainable Construction, Prof. Dirk E. Hebel.

Summer Semester 2020
Rammed earth – from technology to application

Joint seminar of the Professorships of Building Technology, Prof. Rosemarie Wagner and Sustainable Construction, Prof. Dirk E. Hebel

In a joint seminar, the basics and principles of building with rammed earth are taught. In a first approach on a theoretically level and built examples. Based on this, practical exercises and the teaching of applied techniques in loam are taught in practical steps. Finally, the course offers the opportunity to create a real object near Freiburg in the form of an intense workshop on site.

More Information (Reader) here.

Winter Semester 2019
Local Material, Local Design, Local Built

In the seminar “Local Material, Local Design, Local Built” the students did an intensive research in local resources such as the Buntsandstein of the Pfälzer Wald, wood from the Black Forest or gravel along the Upper Rhine. The type, quantity and composition of the resources, as well as their extraction and use, were investigated with regard to their sustainability. In the winter semester, these research results will be used for further consideration and innovative presentation of the materials, products and craft processes. What role do locally available resources play within architecture and what potential do they offer for the future? The insights gained in the seminars are integrated into the collection and reorganization of the material library.

Summer Semester 2019
Local Material, Local Design, Local Built

A Research through Local Resources. What is local? What is a resource? Where are resources available? In which forms and quantities? How are they mined, produced and processed? Which suppliers are there? Are the materials really sustainable? What are the criteria? Are they useful? What is the potential of reusable and recyclable materials?

In two consecutive semesters, the seminar “Local Material, Local Design, Local Built – A Research and Design Journey through Local Resources” deals with methodical answers to these questions and an innovative representation of the materials, products and craft processes from the material sample to the prototype.

Winter Semester 2018
Build up!
Innovative building materials through ceramic 3D printing

After having been used for a long time for pragmatic construction solutions, ceramics are now gaining a new significance within architecture, thanks to a series of innovative technologies. Digital fabrication, computer-controlled burning kilns or the use of robotics in the construction of buildings have led to different fields of application and appearances. These latest developments enable architects to link material and functional systems which go far beyond the standard building material in terms of construction, function and aesthetics.

Generative technologies also offer high potential in terms of resource-efficient production. This is because the additive manufacturing process only makes material necessary where it is required due to aesthetic criteria and mechanical stress.

The seminar deals with traditional and new manufacturing methods for ceramic materials, shows current approaches in the construction industry and introduces material research in a playful and empirical way. After an initial research, the material ceramics will be researched in an experimental way. The aim is to develop a ceramic building material that can be printed using a ceramic 3D printer in Karlsruhe’s Majolika.

 

Summer Semester 2018
Abbau / Anbau / Aufbau 

Mit steigenden Bevölkerungszahlen wächst auch der Bedarf an Materialien und Ressourcen immer weiter an. Aktuell wird in vielen Branchen nach innovativen Ansätzen zur nachhaltigen Rohstoffnutzung und einer konsequenten Schließung der stofflichen Kreisläufe geforscht – zum einen angetrieben durch die ökologische Notwendigkeit, zum anderen auch ganz pragmatisch durch wirtschaftliche Aspekte.

Das 21. Jahrhundert wird einen radikalen Paradigmenwechsel in der Herstellung von Baumaterialien verlangen. Die vorherrschende Mentalität unsere Baustoffe aus Minen zu gewinnen ist an einen un-nachhaltigen Punkt gekommen: wir wissen, dass Materialien wie Sand, Blei, Zink oder Kupfer nur noch wenige Jahrzehnte in den Minen der Erdkruste zur Verfügung stehen und nicht regenerativ sind. Während die Industrialisierung zu einer Umwandlung von regenerativen zu den beschriebenen nicht regenerativen Materialquellen geführt hat, wird unsere Zeit den umgekehrten Weg einschlagen müssen: eine Verschiebung hin zur Kultivierung, Aufzucht, Vermehrung und Wachstum von künftigen Ressourcen. Diese Klasse von Ressourcen für den Bausektor können entweder im konventionellen bodengestützten landwirtschaftlichen Rahmen oder in spezifischen Zuchtbetrieben/Laboren unter Verwendung von Mikroorganismen kultiviert werden. Daneben wird die Bedeutung von Recyclingmaterialien weiter steigen. Die Stadt muss hier als die neue Mine zur Gewinnung von Rohstoffen betrachtet werden.

Die kritische Auseinandersetzung mit den gängigen Baumaterialien sowie die Forschung bezüglich alternativen und innovativen Materialien für die Architektur sind konkreter Bestandteil der Lehre am Fachgebiet Nachhaltiges Bauen. Das Seminar befasst sich mit der Problematik schwindender Ressourcen, zeigt aktuelle Lösungen der Bauindustrie auf und führt in die Praxis der Materialforschung ein. Nach einer anfänglichen Recherche, wird ein ausgewähltes Material in experimenteller Arbeitsweise erforscht, dabei entwickeln die Studierenden eigene Versuchsreihen. Ziel des Seminars ist es das Material in eine Anwendung zu bringen.

 


Wintersemester 2017/18 

From Mining to Cultivation

Durch die Industrialisierung hat sich unsere Bauindustrie verstärkt auf mineralische, endliche Materialquellen konzentriert. Das 21. Jahrhundert ermöglicht und fordert nun einen Paradigmenwechsel: eine Umorientierung vom Abbau zum Anbau unserer Materialressourcen. Das Ziel der gemeinsamen Seminararbeit mit Vorlesungen, Diskussionen, Referaten, Experimenten und einer abschließenden schriftlichen Arbeit ist es die Potenziale und Anwendungsmöglichkeiten kultivierter Baumaterialien innerhalb einer nachhaltigen, industrielle Bauwirtschaft zu beleuchten. Ein besonderes Interesse liegt hierbei auf neuartigen, ungewöhnlichen und gewachsenen Materialalternativen.

 

constructing-waste-web-site_02-758x1000
Fall Semester 2012 FCL Singapore
Constructing Waste

Hundreds of tons of waste are produces in Singapore every day. These wastes represent an invaluable pool of resources, which could be activated by rethinking their designs. The ‘hands on the material’ seminar CONSTRUCTING WASTE will interrogate the concept of up-cycling strategies in order to minimize the overall refuse amount being produced in Singapore. The focus on design questions should create second life cycles for otherwise waste products.

 
 

       
 
 
 
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
Fakultät für Architektur
Institut Entwerfen und Bautechnik

Fachgebiet Nachhaltiges Bauen
Englerstr. 11, Geb. 11.40, Raum 25
D-76131 Karlsruhe
 
Tel: +49 (0)721/608-42167
 
 
 
Recent Publications:  
 

    Materials science during studies

    November 10, 2020

    Dirk E. Hebel, Sandra Böhm (2020), Materialkunde im Studium, in: Der Entwurf – Magazin der DBZ für junge Architekt*innen und Ingenieur*innen, November 2020, p. 14-17.

     
     

    Recycling

    October 16, 2020

    Dirk E. Hebel (Referent), Markus Freitag (Podiumsgast), Barbara Bleisch (Moderation) (2020), Recycling, in: Auf Zeit – Architektur Forum Ostschweiz, Edition 2019, p. 153-174.

     
     

    The built environment becomes an urban mine

    October 16, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E. (2020). Die gebaute Umwelt wird zur Urbanen Mine, in: Die Quadratur der Kreislaufwirtschaft – Weshalb eine Ökonomie der Kreisläufe auf gesellschaftliche Kooperation bauen muss, W.I.R.E., David Hesse, Simone Achermann. p. 16-27. Zurich, Switzerland

     
     

    From the circulating, sowing and harvesting of future building materials

    August 26, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E. (2020). Vom Zirkulieren, Säen und Ernten zukünftiger Baumaterialien, in: Bauen im Wandel. Zukunft Bau Kongress 2019, BBSR. p. 74-79. Bonn, Germany

     
     

    Tremendous possibilities

    August 26, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E. (2020). Ungeheure Möglichkeiten, in: der architekt. material der stadt. 4/2020 (Bund Deutscher Architekten BDA), Berlin, Germany

     
     

    Constructed from mycelium

    July 21, 2020

    Klaaßen, Lars (2020). Aus Pilz gebaut, in: Süddeutsche Zeitung. 18.07.2020, München, Germany

     
     

    The opportunities of the urban mine

    July 7, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E. (2020). Die Chancen der urbanen Mine. Wie ein kreislaufgerechtes Bauen die Ressourcenfrage der Zukunft decken kann, in: PLANERIN. Mitgliederfachzeitschrift für Stadt-, Regional- und Landesplanung, p. 21-24. 3_20, Berlin, Germany

     
     

    Stark wie Stahl

    July 2, 2020

    Beck, Gabriela (2020). Stark wie Stahl, in: Süddeutsche Zeitung s.41, Nr.90, Bauen und Wohnen, 18./19.04.2020. München , Germany

     
     

    Changing Paradigms!

    March 19, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E., Werner Sobek (2020). Changing Paradigms: Materials for a World Not Yet Built, in: The Materials Book, 139-141. Berlin, Germany: Ruby Press

    Hebel, Dirk E., Felix Heisel (2020). Culitvated Building Materials: The Fourth Industrial Revolution?, in: The Materials Book, 145-149. Berlin, Germany: Ruby Press

    Heisel, Felix (2020). Reuse and Recycling: Materializing a Circular Construction, in: The Materials Book, 156-160. Berlin, Germany: Ruby Press

     
     

    Pavilion made of recycled materials

    March 19, 2020

    KIT Karlsruhe (2020). Pavillon aus Recycling-Materilaien, in: Neuland, Innovation am KIT 2019, 2020. 40

     
     

    House building for the heirs

    March 19, 2020

    Hebel, Dirk E. (2020). Hausbau für die Erben, in: Südzeit, March 2020: no. 84, 8-9

     
     

    Showering as a school subject

    March 19, 2020

    Wüthrich, Christa (2020). Duschen als Schulfach, in: Bildung Schweiz, March 2020: no. 2, 29-32

     
     

    We’re running out of sand!

    March 19, 2020

    Prof. Dirk E. Hebel talks about the shortage of sand.

    Sakowitz, Sven (2020). Uns geht der Sand aus, in: HÖRZU Wissen, 19 th March 2020, No.2, 64-69.

     
     

    Build Sustainably and Act Future-Oriented

    February 25, 2020

    Interview with Prof. Dirk E. Hebel (2020). Build Sustainably and Act Future-Oriented. (Interview about his research as the head of the Department of Sustainable Building at KIT, specific challenges facing the construction industry concerning the reuse of materials and their sustainability and about the KIT being part of the SBM Summit taking place at Karlsruhe Trade Fair Centre on 18 and 19 June 2020.), in: stories, 01/2020: 22-24

     
     

    Die Stadt wird zum riesigen Rohstofflager

    February 19, 2020

    Ulrich Coenen (2020). Die Stadt wird zum riesigen Rohstofflager. (Second part of an interview with Prof. Dirk E. Hebel about the practice of urban mining, the energetic redevelopment of existing buildings and the establishment of new building materials and future energy efficient technologies.), in: Badische Neueste Nachrichten, 18th February 2020: no. 40, 17

     
     

    Diskrepanz zwischen Anspruch und Realität ist groß

    February 12, 2020

    Ulrich Coenen (2020). Diskrepanz zwischen Anspruch und Realität ist groß. (First part of an interview with Prof. Dirk E. Hebel about Sustainable Thinking, Acting and Building, technical and biological circulations, unmixed and pure construction methods and the application of urban mining.), in: Badische Neueste Nachrichten, 11th February 2020: no. 34, 17

     
     

    Kreislaufgerechtes Bauen – Kultivierte Baumaterialien: UMAR & MycoTree

    February 5, 2020

    Dirk E. Hebel, Felix Heisel (2020). Kreislaufgerechtes Bauen – Kultivierte Baumaterialien, in: H2O – Das Kundenmagazin von Keramik Laufen und Similor, January 2020: 22-23

     
     

    Second-hand is on Trend: Urban Mining and Recycling (UMAR)

    February 5, 2020

    Sabina Strambu (2020). Second-hand is on Trend, in: DETAIL selectionSpecial Publication Products 2020. Recycling – Materials, Systems, Concepts: 4-6

     
     

    Urban Mining and Recycling (UMAR) and Research Seminar ‘Bau auf!’

    January 22, 2020

    Dirk E. Hebel, Felix Heisel (2020). Urban Mining and Recycling (UMAR), and Dirk E. Hebel, Sandra Böhm (2020). Bau auf! Kreislaufgerechte Architektur in der Lehre, in: BAUART – Architektur und Kultur, inspiriert durch Heimat, Ausgabe 03/2020

     
     

    MICMAC – Micro Macro Michael Hosch, Competition for Modern Expansion and Lightweight Construction

    December 20, 2019

    Hochschulinitiative “Moderner Aus- und Leichtbau” (2019). MICMAC – Micro Macro, in: Wettbewerb 2018/2019 Moderner Aus- und Leichtbau

     
     

    Sustainable construction should not be an option!

    December 20, 2019

    Krämer, Lisa, Simon Sommer, Katna Wiese, Sophie Welter, Philipp Staab (2019). Nachhaltig bauen, sollte keine Option sein, in: DBZ Der Entwurf , November 2019

     
     

    Ein Gespräch über das Wieder- und Weiterverwenden von Baustoffen

    October 15, 2019

    Isopp, Anne and Felix Heisel (2019). Ein Gespräch über das Wieder- und Weiterverwenden von Baustoffen, in: zuschnitt 19(75): 16–19.

     
     

    Zukunft braucht Kreislauf! Mehr.WERT Pavillon, UMAR & MycoTree in db Deutsche Bauzeitung

    October 11, 2019

    Scharf, Armin (2019). Zukunft braucht Kreislauf. db deutsche bauzeitung, 152. Jahrgang, Ausgabe 09.2019, S.68-70

     
     

    Besser – Anders – Weniger!

    October 10, 2019

    Fachgebiet Nachhaltiges Bauen, Professur Dirk E. Hebel (2019). Besser – Anders – Weniger!, Strategien für suffizienten Wohnungsbau im Bestand. KIT Karlsruhe

     
     

    Was die Natur so bietet

    October 10, 2019

    Hans-Christoph Neidlein (2019). Was die Natur so bietet. (Pilzmyzelium und Bambus, Forschung nach alternativen Baustoffen am Fachgebiet Nachhaltiges Bauen). Süddeutsche Zeitung, Nr. 206, 6. September 2019, 23

     
     

    Calculation and Evaluation of Circularity Indicators for the Built Environment Using the Case Studies of UMAR and Madaster

    October 9, 2019

    Heisel, Felix and Sabine Rau-Oberhuber (2019). Calculation and Evaluation of Circularity Indicators for the Built Environment Using the Case Studies of UMAR and Madaster, in Journal of Cleaner Production 243 (SI Urban Mining): 118482. DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.118482

     
     

    Materials In Progress

    September 11, 2019

    Peters, Sascha, Diana Drewes, Dirk E. Hebel, Felix Heisel (2019). Waste Vault Pavillon & MycoTree. In Materials in Progress – Innovationen für Designer und Architekten, 62 & 102. Basel, Schweiz: Birkhäuser Verlag

     
     

    Pioneering Construction Materials through Prototypological Research

    August 22, 2019

    Heisel, Felix and Dirk E. Hebel (2019). Pioneering Construction Materials through Prototypological ResearchBiomimetics4(3): 56.

     
     

    Strukturelle Bauteile, gewachsen aus Pilz

    July 1, 2019

    Schütz, Robert (2019). Struktuerelle Bauteile, gewachsen aus Pilz. Recycling MAGAZIN, 74. Jahrgang, Ausgabe 06, S.36-37

     
     

    Bild des Monats

    June 6, 2019

    Braun, Zooey (2019). Bild des MonatsBadische Neueste Nachrichten: 16, 04.06.2019